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Naval Postgraduate School
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A flow visualization study of the vortical flow over a baseline double-delta wing model and a diamond-fillet double-delta wing model both with sharp leading edges was conducted in the Naval Postgraduate School water tunnel using the dye-injection technique. The main focus of this study was to observe the effect of juncture fillet on the vortex core trajectory, and vortex burst location on the wing surface at high angles of attack with sideslip angles. The data reported in this thesis is...
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Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Thornburg, Kristopher M.
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The 2017 hurricanes in the southern United States provided an impetus for wider social technology use than during previous disaster responses. Hurricane survivors rapidly turned to social media for help, while physically unaffected social media users crowdsourced emergent crisis mapping systems. Volunteers unaffiliated with first responder organizations conducted rescues based on those systems to form new response systems. These new, disruptive emergent systems displaced, supplemented, or...
Topics: disruptive emergent systems, innovation, emergence, disaster response
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Tan, Han Qi Alvin
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For fiscal year 2017, according to the Department of Energy’s June 2018 sustainability performance report, the DoD’s total energy consumption stood at 210 quadrillion joules (199 trillion Btu) of energy with a total energy expenditure of $11.9 billion. The majority of its energy budget was spent on the purchase of fossil fuels. This reliance on fossil fuels to sustain military operations would pose serious financial, operational, and strategic challenges and risks to the energy security and...
Topics: supercapacitor, compressed air, microgrid
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Tarsiuk, Alissa L.
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In a profession where people are the greatest assets, the Marine Corps has an institutional imperative to understand its manpower processes and continuously seek out ways to improve them. This includes understanding how and why we select our lieutenant colonel commanders. The lieutenant colonel command billet is one of the most influential billets in the Marine Corps. Officers selected for these commands not only have a profound impact on the current and future readiness of the Marine Corps,...
Topics: manpower, leadership, talent management, command, officer quality
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Terranova, Robert J., Jr.
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This thesis examines how Minority Commanding Officers and Minority Senior Leadership (O4–O6) affect the retention of Junior Officers who are the same minority. The initial hypothesis for this thesis was that there would not be a statistically significant effect between minority demographics and retention of Junior Naval Officers. To measure the role model effect between minority leadership and retention, two models were utilized. These two models yielded 21 different results for the three...
Topics: personnel, manpower policy, compensation, retention, diversity, recruiting, Junior Officers,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Thompson, Craig A.
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The volume of extreme Islamic-inspired attacks in France in 2012-2016, the hundreds of French foreign fighters supporting the Islamic State's ruthless violence in the Levant, and the low level of assimilation to mainstream French culture by young French Muslims have quickly become major concerns for the security and stability of France. The French Republic is a European sovereign nation with inclusive immigration policies, an active proponent of full assimilation for minorities and immigrants,...
Topics: al-Qaeda, extremism, ideology, Islamic State, jihad, nihilism, Radical Islam, Salafi-Jihadism,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The role of a firefighter has remained relatively static over the years, but the way a firefighter documents incidents and accesses logs, maps, and a range of forms is changing from paper-based practices to digital media systems. Unsuccessful technology acceptance can negatively affect efficiency and work production. A better understanding of the variables that are most relevant to influencing firefighters’ acceptance of technology will help improve the success of the implementation of new...
Topics: firefighter, technology acceptance, fire department, technology adoption, technology, technology...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Social media screening of homeland security job applicants may infringe on their free-speech rights, which diminishes homeland security agencies as defenders of the law and hampers their recruitment efforts. When homeland security employers screen the social media of job applicants, what are the free-speech rights of those applicants, and do existing social-media screening policies support or undermine applicants’ free-speech rights? Content analysis of existing case law reveals no...
Topics: free speech, homeland security employment
Naval Postgraduate School
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The use of virtual reality (VR) technology in the training domain brings several benefits to the training force: compared to training in the real world, VR training reduces logistical support, it eliminates high-risk safety situations, and it enables scenarios not possible otherwise. This work determines the viability of using commercial off-the-shelf technology (COTS) to develop a prototype VR trainer in support of tactical vehicle ground-guiding procedures. A task analysis was conducted to...
Topics: virtual reality, commercial off the shelf technology, ground-guiding, Marine Corps, training...
This thesis develops a logic for objectively measuring the required effort that the staff of a maritime headquarters and its embedded maritime operations center must exert to accomplish tasks within a time period. It also provides a way to gain insights into the relative quality of work and risk assumed by them to do so, given the current manning and experience levels of its staff members. We focus on a method for considering staff activities—conducted under the constraints of limited...
Topics: integrated networks, Maritime Operations Center, Resource Constrained Project Scheduling Problem
Naval Postgraduate School
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While the United States' Pacific territories were brought into the U.S. fold in recognition of their importance to national security, today many Americans—including many policy makers—seem to be unfamiliar with the U.S. Pacific territories and their strategic value. This thesis addresses the question, \"What is the value of the United States' Pacific territories—Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), and American Samoa—to the nation's homeland security, and...
Topics: Pacific, homeland security, Guam, CNMI, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa
Naval Postgraduate School
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Concerned with physical fitness, in January 2016 the Marine Corps established the Force Fitness Instructor (FFI) program. This FFI was to be trained in the latest scientifically proven methods of strength and conditioning techniques, programming, nutrition, and injury prevention. Coincident with the FFI program was implementation of increased standards for the Physical Fitness Test (PFT) and Combat Fitness Test (CFT) that began on 1 January 2017. To evaluate the causal impact of the FFI program...
Topics: force fitness, injury prevention, physical performance
Naval Postgraduate School
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Recent events in Sudan and South Sudan led to the creation of a peace support operations model (PSOM) simulation of the area for peacekeeping planning and analysis. This led to questions about how to best use the PSOM and how the PSOM reacts to certain inputs. Major outputs of the PSOM are population consent for the rulers and the opposition. Designed experiments systematically explored the sensitivity of consent to initial values, showing that initial consent has a strong influence on ending...
Topics: simulation, design of experiments, stability operations
A key enabler of military readiness includes civilian employees who work for the Department of Defense (DoD). To sustain military readiness, it is in the government’s interest to understand DoD civilian workforce attrition patterns and attrition factors. The intent of this research is to better understand DoD civilian employee personnel factors that might influence attrition. To meet this intent, we use survival analysis based on calendar year 2009 new hires with covariates found in a DoD...
Topics: attrition, blue-collar, DoD civilian, survival analysis, white-collar
The rise of accessible real-world data creates a growing interest in effective methods for accurate classification, especially for networks with incomplete information. The intelligence community requires an understanding of a network before the team can develop a strategy to combat the adversary. These problems are typically time-sensitive; however, gathering complete and actionable intelligence is a challenging mission. An adversary’s actions are secretive in nature. Crucial information is...
Topics: network analysis, incomplete information, network classification, graph theory
Naval Postgraduate School
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Within the Department of Defense, offset strategies are policies of competition that mandate efforts to maintain technological superiority to generate or sustain a strategic advantage over near-peer competitor adversaries. The current strategy, the Third Offset, was implemented in 2014 and directs the development and leveraging of emergent, capabilities-based technologies to defend against the modernized, near-peer competitor nations of Russia and China. This thesis used unclassified resources...
Topics: Department of Defense, strategies, offset strategies, Third Offset Strategy
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines the effects of management style on conflict between fisheries users, looking at Tanzania and South Africa as case studies. Research indicates that management programs that incorporate local communities while retaining a level of national support are more likely to be successful in enforcing rules and regulations, promoting sustainability, and reducing incidents of conflict between users. Nationally based programs that exclude local communities from management roles risk...
Topics: fisheries management, fisheries conflict, African fisheries, co-management
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Tulley, Jay H.
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This thesis examines the development of a requirements-based utility funding model for the U.S. Army. The inputs to the model would be real property information such as building category codes, square footage, and climate zone information. Using industry-accepted energy use intensity (EUI) standards, the model would provide energy usage levels. Using local energy cost information, the model would provide utility budgets for each building or for an entire garrison. Through the use of an...
Topics: utilities funding, base operations support requirements model
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Turner, Jackie E.; Galloway, Andrea E.
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This report describes research that was conducted for the purpose of advancing cyber incident response capability at the U.S. DoD-defined Tier 3 level. As both authors (at time of writing) serve in cyber support roles within the U.S. Navy, the report is written with some specificity to Navy shipboard and facility environments. Given the complexity of modern cyber systems, analysis is generally considered to be the most technically difficult task involved in the incident handling life-cycle....
Topics: indicators of compromise, IOC, Windows, Windows 10, PowerShell, .NET, .NET framework, scripts,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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From 2014-2018, the U.S. federal government security clearance backlog increased from 190,000 investigations to 710,000 investigations, according to a 2018 Government Accountability Office report. The backlog of security clearance investigations has resulted in investigation timelines that range between 134 and 395 days. The organization that handles 90 percent of the caseload for background investigations, the National Background Investigations Bureau (NBIB), has the capability to provide...
Topics: security clearance, risk management, information security
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Blue, Daniel A.
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Modern electronic warfare systems require increasingly larger bandwidth monitoring ability. Analog-to-information techniques increase bandwidth-monitoring capability without increasing the performance requirements placed on analog-to-digital converters. Two analog-to-information compressive sensing receiving methodologies capable of recovering signal information below the Nyquist sampling rate are considered. The designing and simulation of these receiving methodologies using photonic...
Topics: compressed sensing, electronic warfare, photonics
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Akil, Anthony
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This thesis set out to apply the moral principle of utilitarianism to the policy problem associated with zero-day vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities can be understood as errors in coding that are potentially exploitable and unknown to either the creators or users of the software. If attack vectors related to zero-day vulnerabilities are completely dependent upon correctable coding errors, what should policy require when the U.S. government detects a zero-day vulnerability? Should it be...
Topics: zero-day vulnerabilities, vulnerability and equities policy and process, utilitarianism, moral...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Bochner, Elizabeth A.
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In this thesis, we use several statistical techniques to identify subsets of Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) cadets who demonstrate a propensity for strong or weak performance at Advanced Camp, which is the final summer training event in the ROTC program designed to train and evaluate officer-candidates in various aspects of military performance. We analyze cadet survey responses prior to Advanced Camp to gain insights about levels of preparation for the rigorous training event. Finally,...
Topics: Army, cadet, ROTC, Advanced Camp, survey, OML
During Ice Exercise (ICEX) 2018, a 120-kHz echosounder was used to investigate the ocean environment underneath the Arctic ice sheet in the southern Beaufort Sea down to a depth of 200 meters. Returns from the echosounder, coupled with data from an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) and a Conductivity, Temperature, and Depth (CTD) profiler, suggest the presence of sharp, sound-speed gradients throughout the water column, occurring more often at greater depths. The pattern of returns can...
Topics: acoustical oceanography, acoustic scattering, ADCP, Arctic, Beaufort Sea, echosounder, ICEX,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This research examines paid military service in Turkey utilizing the Population Representation Model introduced originally by M. J. Eitelberg in 1979. Despite the worldwide trend toward professional militaries, Turkey is one of few countries that relies on a universal draft for its military manpower. Every year, thousands of young men are enlisted for six to twelve months; however, eligible men have the option to purchase a paid exemption from compulsory military service. The most recent paid...
Topics: Turkish Armed Forces, draft, conscription, compulsory service, draft avoidance, paid military...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Carkhuff, Kenneth A.; Gram, Charles; Iselin, Cory S.
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Market research is a critical step in the acquisition process and requires due diligence; however, in October 2014, the Government Accountability Office identified limitations in market research performed on Department of Defense (DoD) procurements. To address these limitations, the authors evaluated issues that DoD acquisition professionals face in completing market research. They reviewed current federal literature pertaining to market research and analyzed data received from a questionnaire...
Topic: Market Research Center of Excellence
The 2016 Navy Pregnancy and Parenthood Survey conducted by Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD) cited that the primary retention influencer for female naval officers is the “ability to have a family.” This project is a policy proposal that targets the primary reason female naval officers are leaving the military. The researchers assessed the viability of implementing EF/IVF (egg freezing and in vitro fertilization) as a retention tool for competitive female naval...
Topics: retention of women, freezing eggs, in vitro fertilization, Navy, competitive, retention tool,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Alger, David P.
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One of the most crucial aspects of the development and retention of quality officers in the Marine Corps is effective assignment. This thesis takes an innovative approach to an old problem by proposing a technical solution: the Ground Officer Assignment Tool (GOAT) offers an optimization-based decision aid as well as a means by which to evaluate an existing personnel assignment based on several metrics. As a single commodity network flow problem, the GOAT tackles the personnel assignment...
Topics: manpower, Marine Corps, assignment, officer, talent management, optimization, decision support tool
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Borrego, Antonio L.
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Culture is a human concept central to the existence of societies. Perceptions of an organization’s culture are based on individual thought coalescing into group consensus. Cultural disparities may have evolved between active units and the Marine Forces Reserve due to variances in law, practice, and involvement in the non-military world. This research sought to define the cultural perceptions that active component and reserve Marines have toward active forces and Marine Forces Reserve....
Topics: culture, competing values framework, organizational culture assessment instrument, OCAI, CVF, I-I,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Boscow, Jameson
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A key concern of the United States and Europe for accepting refugees is the perceived threat of increased vulnerability to terrorist attacks, especially concerning refugees from origin countries with a known presence of terrorist organizations. While studies have focused on refugee flows to specific countries, research is needed to identify and compare any correlation between refugees and an increased number of terrorist attacks in the receiving country. This thesis aims to analyze any...
Topics: refugees, asylum seekers, terrorism, immigration, irregular migration
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Brockert, Nicholas D.
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Modernization of the military retirement system, beginning in 2018, left many Marines with an important decision to make about their futures. They were allowed 12 months to choose whether it was in their best interest to opt into the new Blended Retirement System (BRS), or to remain under the legacy High-3 retirement plan. By analyzing their choices through the lens of behavioral economics, the primary goal of my research is to determine if Marines made rational or irrational retirement savings...
Topics: Blended Retirement System, military retirement, behavioral economics, nudge theory, continuation pay
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Brown, Ashley S.
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The military has increasingly been used for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) operations over the past two decades. HADR operations are an essential component of building international relations that often falls under the responsibility of the U.S. military. Department of Defense assets deploy globally to provide relief to other nations, and first responders offer valuable aid and provide supplies. Due to the nature of these missions, there is very little time for planning to...
Topics: space-filling curves, humanitarian logistics, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, HADR,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis conducts an analysis of various policy options for the U.S. Navy to adopt after the federal legalization of cannabis. Utilizing Eugene Bardach’s eight-step method, this thesis compares three possibilities for policy recommendation. The first option is to maintain the status quo, or to continue a zero-tolerance policy. The second option is one where specific job specialties would prohibit the performance of certain duties within a specified period of time after cannabis usage. The...
Topics: marijuana, cannabis, marijuana legalization debate, cannabis legalization, zero-tolerance policy,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Law enforcement has begun to embrace social media as a communication tool; but, in most cases, agencies have not created strategies around using social media for crisis communication. This thesis focused on identifying smart practices in crisis communication to determine what a social media crisis communication strategy for law enforcement should look like. The use of force by law enforcement often results in a negative community reaction; this research focused on communication on social media...
Topics: crisis communication, social media, crisis communication strategy, use of force, social media...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis will investigate the existence of racial biases in the National Basketball Association by examining the probability of African-American head coaches being separated from their assignments, conditional on several factors, for the last twenty-three regular seasons. The research is widely descriptive, and tends to determine whether racial bias has existed in the separations of African-American head coaches in the NBA. Comprehensive analysis of the most significant factors that affect...
Topics: NBA, conference, title, head coach, regression, survival analysis, Cox, hazard
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Evitts, Jonathan
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Russia’s maritime development focuses on support of land forces and protection of its coastal territory. Its naval strategy has not changed greatly from the Soviet era. The fleet is greatly reduced in size and will likely continue to decrease as older ships decommission. The fleet’s newest ships and submarines field significant offensive capability on relatively small platforms. Russia’s poor economic situation and corruption throughout the Ministry of Defense and shipbuilding industry...
Topics: Russia, maritime, foreign policy, modernization, strategy, navy, naval, NATO, security, Russian,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Felty, Stephen M.
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Intergroup dynamics have been a central vector in long-lasting identity conflicts around the globe. In Israel-Palestine, the conflict has not been reduced to the same level of sustained peace as it has in other countries. The conflicting groups often get involved in increasingly destructive forms of reciprocating violence, which fuels narratives that lead to further cycles of violence. This thesis examines whether social identity theory is a useful framework for understanding this conflict. The...
Topics: social identity, identity-based conflicts, identity politics, international relations, politics,...
The damage caused by Hurricane Maria to Puerto Rico left this American territory ill-equipped to rebuild—or even maintain—its aging power grid. As reconstruction is in order, this tragedy presents an opportunity to design a more resilient and efficient power grid for Puerto Rico. A sustainable distributed power plan that includes renewable energy, distributed generation, and smart grid technology could be the answer to Puerto Rico's energy problems. This grid could incorporate features that...
Topics: Puerto Rico, Hurricane Maria, power grid, renewable energy
Naval Postgraduate School
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In order for commercial nuclear power to remain successful in the United States, several things need to occur: advancement of newer technologies and replacement of aging infrastructure with a new generation of safe reactors that are reliable, adaptable to the environment, cost-effective, and energy efficient to meet the nation’s energy demands into the future. To accomplish this, the United States must be able to identify true risk rather than the perceived risk of civilian nuclear power and...
Topics: nuclear power, SMR, small modular reactor, risk perception, aging infrastructure, nuclear waste,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Damdinbazar, Munkhbat
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China and Russia are among the strongest military powers in the world. Both are improving their defense capabilities for different reasons: China aims to achieve hegemon status, and regaining superpower status appears to be Russia’s strategic end. Given the centrality of military prowess to China’s and Russia’s ambitions, a key component of each state’s strategic calculus is its defense strategy. Comprehending Chinese and Russian defense strategies and the relative effectiveness of...
Topics: China, Russia, defense, military, strategy, doctrine, effectiveness
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Dantas de Carvalho, Wllices
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The Brazilian Air Force (FAB), through the Aeronautics Directorate of Education, executes twelve categories of courses to educate and train career officers and temporary officers. However, a look at the professional training of junior officers reveals shortcomings, especially concerning the teaching of military ethics. The document defining the professional profile of FAB officers, Professional Profile of Aeronautical Officers (PPOA), does not make clear distinctions about the ethical aspects...
Topics: ethics, military, values, moral, Brazilian Air Force, hybrid warfare, professional profile, junior...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This paper examines the determinants of a mariner’s ship-handling proficiency. The understanding of this theoretical relationship affects the approach that Surface Warfare Officers School (SWOS) utilizes in preparing officers of the deck (OODs) for assignment on surface combatants. At the ship level, budget reductions may further complicate the process of developing and maintaining proficient mariners by removing opportunities available to develop experience and currency-related skills. There...
Topics: United States Navy, officer of the deck, OOD, SWO, competency, proficiency, currency, training
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Fuzy, Anna
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The purpose of this thesis is to provide the Marine Corps with an analytical review of its primary military occupational specialty (PMOS) bonuses, specific to aviation maintenance occupations, that have been available to Marines from 2008 – 2018, as well as, the aviation maintenance specific skills bonus implemented during the fiscal year (FY) 2018 selective retention bonus (SRB) program. The thesis includes a literature review on the importance of aviation maintenance specific skills and the...
Topics: SRB, aviation, maintenance, retention
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Gavan, Ramon G., Jr.; Fowler, Jonathan J.
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This project analyzes the current inventory management practices for the Naval Ophthalmic Support and Training Activity (NOSTRA) to assess if there are industry best practices that NOSTRA could utilize to become more efficient. NOSTRA’s mission is to manufacture and supply eyewear to the entire Department of Defense. The two largest inventory line items that NOSTRA carries are lenses and spectacle frames; this project specifically studies the process for managing spectacle frame inventory. An...
Topics: two-bin Kanban, 2-bin Kanban, inventory management, economic order quantity, EOQ, service level
Naval Postgraduate School
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Antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections will remain an extremely serious health-security and economic threat for the United States—and the world—unless steps are taken to curb them. This thesis focuses on antibiotic use in agriculture and potential methods to slow resistance. By examining existing U.S. policies at the national and state level as well as policies in Denmark and the Netherlands, this research finds that the European countries have reduced antibiotic use and decreased...
Topics: antibiotics, antibiotic, public health, agriculture, Denmark, Netherlands, California, Maryland,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Over the summer of 2016, a total of 92 days were reviewed; 22 were determined to meet the requirements of this study for having the presence of a low-level coastal jet (LLCJ). Cross sections were taken to investigate the thermal structure and evidence of the vertical circulation pattern. In each of these examples, a clear jet is present just below a sloping inversion except for one. June 27-29 found the presence of a LLCJ but with no sloping inversion, and the jet was found to be above the...
Topic: low-level coastal jet
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Stalford, Aaron M.
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The project addresses the problem of integrating a passive optical sensor onboard an autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and its operation in future missions against various targets/threats. The thesis develops the analytical and experimental software and hardware framework around a commercial-off-the-shelf quadcopter (COTSQ) for autonomous missions. The COTSQ features advanced autopilot capabilities along with an onboard optical sensor that is fully integrated into the control software....
Topics: quadcopter, drone, control, search, search theory, optical sensing, video processing, passive...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Hepp, Simon J.
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Mired in turmoil, the current state of Venezuelan politics is rife with political corruption and abuses of power. This thesis uses resource curse theory and governance datasets to analytically study changes in Venezuela over time to identify how the 2014 petroleum market crash affected the instances of political corruption. The argument shows that, when petroleum rents plummeted, financial and political incentives caused the focus of the Venezuelan government’s corruption behaviors to change...
Topics: rentier state, petropolitics, resource curse, Dutch disease, political corruption, Venezuela,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Jara, Paul E.
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This thesis explores the doctrinal divide among homeland defense (HD), homeland security (HS), and defense support to civil authorities (DSCA) and questions whether these doctrinal spaces are adequately instructive to National Guard domestic action. The thesis explores the Department of Defense's (DoD) important contributions to HD and DSCA and the Guard’s historical and contemporary roles in HD and HS. This work proposes that the DoD’s reticence to describe its actions as HS creates a...
Topics: homeland security, Department of Defense, National Guard, Title 32, defense support of civil...
Naval Postgraduate School
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In modern society, the number and popularity of autonomous systems are increasing, and it seems certain that their importance will grow in the future. As early as 2017, Amazon was already working with more than 100,000 warehouse robots, and many companies have begun shipping with drones or autonomous vehicles around the world. In the future, autonomous systems are likely to play a major role not only in the public sector but also in the defense sector. In fact, the Republic of Korea Army...
Topics: Fisher information, epi-spline, maximum likelihood estimation, robust PDF
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Gosch, Brandon O.; Lawrence, Adam W.; Valle, Michael B.
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This project analyzed the existing process used by Department of Defense forces to authorize and claim reimbursement from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) while providing Defense Support to Civil Authorities (DSCA). Research was conducted on existing policies and documented DSCA procedures at each level within the network. This project used a process analytics approach to map a flowchart along with interviews conducted among key stakeholders to obtain insight into each role while...
Topics: Defense Support of Civil Authorities, DSCA, Federal Emergency Management Agency, FEMA, mission...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis evaluates the effects of minority command leadership on the first-term reenlistment decisions of underrepresented junior enlisted sailors in the U.S. Navy. In this thesis, I build a data set for Navy enlisted personnel and officers observed from fiscal years 1995 to 2018. Using a linear probability model and an ordinary least squares regression analysis approach, I analyze the first-term retention rates for minority enlisted sailors based on different levels of exposure to minority...
Topics: role model, military role models, U.S. Navy role models, inclusion, diversity, same race/ethnicity,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Gregg, Andrew
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The rapid deployment of autonomous vehicle (AV) technology will undoubtedly have a significant impact on public safety services, including law enforcement agencies. Law enforcement can embrace AV technology, with the advent of autonomous police vehicles (APVs). The APV is designed with standard AV technology but is also packaged with complementary technologies, including an integrated unmanned aircraft system (UAS), facial recognition, thermal imaging, automated license plate readers, and...
Topics: autonomous vehicles, autonomous police vehicles, connected vehicle technology, Internet of things,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Gumina, Jamie M.
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A set-based design (SBD) approach is proposed as an alternative to traditional point-based design (PBD) methodologies. SBD is compared to other common engineering, decision-making, and optimization methods to illustrate how conventional methods do not ordinarily embrace set-based thinking (SBT) or SBD methodologies. The predominant features of Toyota's approach are summarized, leading to seven characteristics and two principles required to identify a design approach as set-based. Several Latin...
Topics: set-based design, SBD, systems engineering, SE, Latin hypercube sampling, LHC, LHS, DoD acquisition
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Allen, Carole L.
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Throughout history, citizens’ opinions of law enforcement have fluctuated between confidence and mistrust. This ebb and flow can coincide with many factors, such as historical events like 9/11, personal interaction with an officer, and media/social media reporting of the public’s encounters with police. A citizen’s confidence and trust in law enforcement may also differ based on the person’s gender, race, or socioeconomic status. Law enforcement has invested millions of dollars in...
Topics: body-worn camera, law enforcement
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Kalinowski, Pawel
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Malware is software that enables adversaries to execute their goals by affecting their target devices’ confidentiality, integrity, or availability. Malware is constantly evolving and detection methods must find ways to detect the new variants. This research developed a new method of detecting malware using a neural-network architecture. The method is not signature-based, unlike most existing methods, and would aid in finding previously unseen malware. It analyzes software using three separate...
Topics: malware, convolutional neural networks, static analysis, detection, classification
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Kendrick, Mark R.
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Over the last decade, China has taken significant steps to develop a renewable energy framework in an effort to lessen reliance on coal and its associated health and environmental impacts. This thesis will seek to explain China’s domestic and foreign energy-policy approach to dealing with the challenges of maintaining a consistent, stable supply of fuel for its growing economy. This thesis will also examine the implications of China’s policy changes for the United States with regard to...
Topics: China, energy policy, foreign policy
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Kesler, Gokhan
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In 1995, retired U.S. Navy Captain Wayne Hughes formulated a salvo model for assessing the military worth of warship capabilities in the missile age. His model suggests that modern naval surface warfare can have regions of instability and that numerical superiority provides a consistent advantage. However, Hughes’s model is deterministic and provides no information about the distribution of outcomes that can result from an inherently stochastic salvo exchange. In 2005, Michael Armstrong added...
Topics: experimental design, NOLH, salvo model, simulation, regression model, military models
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (FFATA) of 2006 makes available to public view information on all federal contracts beginning in 2006. This transparency presents an opportunity to examine large volumes of procurement data, in particular to infer whether anomalies or irregularities are present. In this thesis, we examine direct-order purchases made by the U.S. Army between calendar years 2013 and 2017. A total of 73,570 direct-order contracts were issued by the Army...
Topics: anomaly detection, machine learning, procurement, contract data, financial data, spending
Naval Postgraduate School
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When the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) won the 2009 Japanese general election, Japanese security policy was poised to diverge from the status quo of normalization Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) that had held power for many decades. Curiously, Japanese security policy seemed to hold its previous trajectory, despite the less conservative DPJ holding power. This research examines three pivotal security policies of territorial defense of the Senkaku Islands, Futenma base relocation efforts, and...
Topics: Japan, DPJ, normalization, security policy, Democratic Party of Japan, Liberal Democratic Party of...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Kim, Jeongha
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How can the Republic of Korea (ROK) Navy minimize repetitive requirement changes while maintaining a low cost in its battleship design? This question pivots around the complexity of the ship design process. Although a naval vessel is a single unit, it incorporates a large collection of various systems that range from weapons and navigation systems to habitability and support elements. Interoperability concerns persist within the design phase, which reflects the reality that a naval vessel is...
Topics: set-based design, acquisition
Naval Postgraduate School
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The technology integrated into fully autonomous vehicles will soon be a significant homeland security threat. Companies ranging from major corporations to small startups are investing billions of dollars developing this technology. It is currently predicted that fully autonomous vehicles will be available to the general public within a matter of years. As fully autonomous vehicles become broadly available both to the general public and private entities, significant impacts will likely result to...
Topics: autonomous vehicles, connected vehicle technology, Internet of things, self-driving vehicle,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Kristoff, Madeline T.
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While there seems to be widespread agreement that the U.S. counterterrorism narrative is failing, there is little empirical evidence for what the U.S. counter-narrative strategy since 9/11 has been, nor is there an analytical framework for measuring its success or failure. This thesis investigates the effectiveness of the U.S. counterterrorism narrative strategy in the post-9/11 period (2001 through 2016), and develops an effective U.S. counterterrorism narrative strategy. Content analysis of...
Topics: counterterrorism, narrative, terrorism, Social Identity Analytical Method, Social Identity Theory,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Laurita, Laura; Molloy, Matthew
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The United States has no federal mandates for paid family leave (PFL), an unusual standing among the world’s developed countries. Recent Department of Defense (DoD) policy initiatives have expanded paid maternity and family leave to offer more support to new mothers and other caregivers. The DoD’s increase in maternity leave is a unique policy change for a large and diverse organization. Family leave policies are established as an incentive for attracting and retaining talent. Military...
Topics: personnel, manpower policy, retention, separation, manpower policy issues, special studies, quality...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Amos, Vincent T.
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Current naval networks vary in size and implementation, but have one thing in common: poor network device connectivity oversight. Poor network oversight can lead to unauthorized network access, but there is a potential solution with software-defined networking (SDN). SDN technology provides the management oversight and capability to maintain a complete network picture of all connected devices. SDN is the network technology that separates the control plane from the forwarding plane of the...
Topics: SDN, VLAN, 802.1x authentication, RADIUS
With the 2010 release of Vision 2021, the government's comprehensive societal and economic vision for the future, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) laid out a path to diversify its economy. This plan moves the UAE away from resource dependence to a knowledge-based economy less reliant on natural resources and physical labor. This thesis explores the economic history of the United Arab Emirates, its previous diversification efforts, and its proposed way forward with Vision 2021. The author...
Topics: United Arab Emirates, Economy, Diversification, Vision 2021, UAE
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Lutton, Corey E.
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Virtual access points (VAP) are a commonly utilized method to broadcast service set identifiers (SSID) with different privilege levels from the same access point (AP). While research has been focused on securing information transmitted using the IEEE 802.11 standard and the authentication of users on wireless local area networks (WLAN), little attention has been given to the security of VAPs utilized on APs to determine whether the presence of a less-privileged, less-secured SSID is a security...
Topics: virtual access point correlation, VAP correlation, IEEE 802.11, wireless, WIFI, graph theory,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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In this thesis, I study the association between scientific literacy and individual opinions on military spending of voting-age Americans using data from the 2016 General Social Survey. Based on responses to general science knowledge questions, I created a scientific knowledge test. Individuals were coded as scientifically literate if they answered 10 questions correctly out of the 12 on this test. Using multinomial logistic regression models, I found those exhibiting scientific literacy were...
Topics: scientific knowledge, scientific literacy, defense spending, military spending, opinions on...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Lin, Tai-shan
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The purpose of the Navy Supply Corps is to manage the logistical pipeline, so resources are delivered to the warfighter as required. Naval units are easily able to replenish their stores while they are in port, but difficulties arise when they get underway to conduct missions and training exercises. The use of unmanned systems introduces a new naval unit class with many beneficial characteristics, including autonomous control for which minimal human supervision is required, reliability...
Topics: USV, unmanned surface vehicle, drone, logistics, RAS
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Oliver, Jeremy A.
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In the second decade of the 21st century, the Indo-Pacific region has been witness to increasingly coercive activities by China in the maritime domain. These activities have fundamentally challenged the traditional security architecture, proving to be adverse to the broader interests of nations in the region. However, countering Chinese provocations at sea has proven difficult, as Beijing has effectively manipulated the space between peace and war. That space is commonly referred to as the...
Topics: China, maritime militia, gray zone, hybrid warfare, maritime strategy, territorial sovereignty,...
Government success depends on employees with science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) qualifications to support critical roles within the Department of Defense (DoD), so it is important to understand attrition factors related to the DoD STEM workforce and how these factors might differ from DoD employees in non-STEM occupations. Civilian personnel data from Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC), linked by anonymous employee identification numbers, was analyzed to study attrition of DoD...
Topics: attrition, survival analysis
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Mwangi, Racheal W.
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Despite the importance of human capital to the Department of Defense and U.S. Army, we do not have much research on civilian attrition—the reduction of workforce due to termination, resignation, retirement or death. Identifying attrition patterns helps organizations assess policy effects and organizational culture and forecast future workforce needs. This study analyzes attrition rates for Department of the Army (DA) civilian employees for the calendar year (CY) 2009 using a logistic...
Topics: attrition, retirement, resignation
Naval Postgraduate School
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Southeast Asian states' relations with great powers have long been characterized as pursuing hedging strategies. These approaches have evolved within the region as an effective alternative to the more traditional balancing and bandwagoning policies. This thesis maintains that the hedging approach has only been possible due to the lack of power competition in the region. Moreover, the thesis asserts that China's transformation from solely an economic great power to a considerable military power...
Topics: China's rise, A2/AD, U.S. countermeasures, AirSea Battle, hedging, balancing, bandwagoning,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Ng, Soon Hee Samuel; Mosley, Vincent A.
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The Naval Postgraduate School Information Sciences Department is executing a multi-year campaign of integrated thesis research to explore issues, and develop ideas and concepts of operations (CONOPS), related to formalizing unclassified maritime domain awareness (MDA). This is the third thesis in this campaign. The first thesis in 2016 developed the CONOPS to leverage unclassified, sharable commercial satellite imagery in support of the United States’ Southeast Asia Maritime Security...
Topics: maritime domain awareness, Gray MDA network
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Baker, Joshua D.
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The Navy Mission Planner (NMP) is an optimization-based operational planning tool for decision makers at all levels of designing naval deployments, from theater-level planning to individual Carrier Strike Groups (CSGs) or Destroyer Squadrons (DESRONs). Schedulers are tasked with too many missions and not enough ships to fulfill those missions. This decision aid takes multimission-capable ships and assigns them to missions across a given planning horizon with the goal of maximizing the total...
Topics: optimization, Navy Mission Planner, NMP, scheduling
Naval Postgraduate School
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Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field of research with the potential to radically change society’s use of information technology, particularly how personal information will be interconnected and how private lives will be accessible to cybercriminals. Criminals, motivated by profit, are likely to adapt future AI software systems to their operations, further complicating present-day cybercrime investigations. This thesis examines how transnational criminal organizations and cybercriminals may...
Topics: transnational organized crime, Darknet, emerging technology, homeland security, artificial...
Currently, we are living in the time of hybrid wars. States use both conventional and unconventional methods of warfare simultaneously. This thesis presents three key findings: a framework for building and retaining robust democratic civil-military relations in times of hybrid warfare; a description of the crucial role of civil-military cooperation in this framework; and an examination of Ukraine’s response, which implements this framework, to the Russian Federation’s hybrid warfare since...
Topics: Ukraine, Donbas, Crimea, civil-military relations, civil-military cooperation, hybrid warfare,...
One of the key components of Navy Medicine is the Navy Nurse Corps (NC). The commitment by the NC to be in sync with the Chief of Naval Operations’ and Commandant of the Marine Corps’ operational plans requires the Nurse Corps community to allocate subspecialties according to the needs of the Navy with the mindset of operational readiness. Under the current system of accession, the NC is meeting its targeted end strength (E/S). At the same time, however, the NC suffers from an imbalance in...
Topics: Markov model/chain, finite state, Markovian property, stationary transition probabilities,...
The United States government has utilized leadership decapitation strategies to counter illicit or insurgent organizations since the kingpin strategy was first developed in the late 20th century by the Drug Enforcement Administration. Most critical analysis of this strategy, however, deals with terrorist organizations rather than transnational criminal organizations (TCOs). This thesis looks to the findings in these critical studies that may also be relevant to countering TCOs and, based on...
Topics: Transnational Criminal Organizations, leadership removal, leadership change, leadership...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Penn, Charles A.
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Entertainment districts are—and will continue to be—a significant homeland security concern due to the large numbers of people who gather at these locations. Both the June 12, 2016, mass shooting at the Pulse Nightclub in Orlando, Florida, and the October 2, 2017, mass shooting at the Route 91 Harvest Country Music Festival in Las Vegas, Nevada, are tragic and recent examples of the devastation that continues to occur surrounding large gatherings of people. Entertainment districts share...
Topics: entertainment districts, bars, crowds, alcohol, large crowds, place management, police, security,...
Insider threats are a wicked problem. This thesis investigates three questions: how do employees respond to perceived workplace injustice, what is the relationship between employee responses to perceived workplace injustices and insider attacks, and how can organizations prevent disgruntled employees from committing attacks? These questions were answered using a thorough literature review and case studies. Employees respond in one, or a combination, of four ways: exit, loyalty, voice, and...
Topics: insider threat, insider attack, justice theories, organizational justice, grievances, alternative...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Conventional wisdom suggests that human rights abuses increase under authoritarianism or autocratic governments and decline under democratic governments. However, despite frequent regime changes in Thailand since 2001, human rights abuses in the country have remained generally persistent. To explain this puzzling circumstance, this thesis examines data from the Political Terror Scale (PTS), the Polity IV Project, the U.S. State Department, and nongovernmental human rights organizations. The...
Topics: Thailand, democracy, authoritarian, human rights, Political Terror Scale, Polity IV Project
Naval Postgraduate School
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Modern navies face a highly competitive labor market, particularly in technical and medical specialties. Among other issues, long deployment times contribute to difficulties in recruiting, resulting in vacancies and shortfalls in manning on board seagoing units. Another challenge worldwide navies face is the reduced availability of platforms. Multi-crewing concepts offer a way to increase efficient use of the scarce platforms. These concepts generally separate crews from ships as independent...
Topics: multi-crewing, vacancies, linear optimization, simulation, replacement of individuals, composition...
Naval Postgraduate School
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American military teams are increasingly embedded at the grassroots level in foreign environments to create white space. White spaces are pockets of stability within nations whose populations often suffer from instability, factionalism, civil strife, isolation, and extreme deprivation. The information warfare literature espouses soft power at the level of policy; however, it does not provide explanations for the challenges on the ground. The aim of this study is to identify the environmental...
Topics: military strategy, soft power, information warfare, sense giving, sensemaking, information seeking,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Basich, Zachary
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Recent policy changes to the Marine Corps regarding gender integration into combat arms occupation fields affect the methods that these occupations traditionally use for training. Recent studies since the start of the gender integration indicate that differences may exist between male and female graduation rates at the Marine Corps’ primary infantry training school, the School of Infantry (SOI). I analyze whether differences in dropping due to injury exist between genders at the Marine Combat...
Topics: SOI, School of Infantry, injury rate, infantry training, female integration
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Shapiro, Jessica
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Orbital debris will increase dramatically unless active debris removal methods are implemented. Tethered methods of active debris removal present an intriguing solution that should be investigated and the benefits compared to other researched methods of active debris removal. This study consists of applications of tethered space systems and active debris removal methods with a focus on tether-based momentum exchange systems in an effort to determine if a tethered propellantless debris removal...
Topics: tether space system, active debris removal, momentum exchange, orbital transfer
Emergency management has developed into a profession with demands and expertise separate from other professional disciplines in government service. Coordination issues before, during, and after a disaster have continually been a challenge for emergency management. Although the organizational placement of local government emergency management agencies varies extensively across the United States, public administration organizational theory provides a foundation for considerations that inform the...
Topics: bureaucracy, collaboration, communication, complexity theory, crisis management, effectiveness,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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In 2013 the Marine Corps began to reduce end-strength from 202,000 to 182,000. To facilitate the force reduction of mid-careerists, the Marine Corps offered Voluntary Separation Pay (VSP) and Temporary Early Retirement Authority (TERA). This thesis examines the efficiency of these two programs across Naval Aviator and Naval Flight Officer (NFO) Military Occupational Specialties (MOS). VSP targeted Marine Majors and Major (selects) with 10 to 15 years of service, providing eligible Marines with...
Topics: separation incentives, voluntary separation pay, temporary early retirement authority, incentives,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Schaub, Michael P.
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Marijuana legalization in Colorado has brought with it many changes, affecting economic, social, and criminal elements. According to law enforcement statistics, cannabis legalization has shown a consistent rise in opioid overdose rates throughout the United States; however, recent scholarly research indicates that states that have legalized marijuana experience a noticeable decrease in opioid overdose rate. This thesis uses case study analysis to answer the question: Does marijuana legalization...
Topics: marijuana, legalization, Colorado, Uruguay, public health
Naval Postgraduate School
May 30, 2019 Shahzad, Muhammad Khurram
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This thesis analyzes the impact of post-2016 reforms in Turkish civil-military relations (CMR) on the Turkish military’s operational effectiveness. The Turkish military was once a key player in the country’s domestic politics, a role that endured through a number of military interventions. Since the election of the Adalet ve Kalkınma Partis (Justice and Development Party) in 2002, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has been able to gradually reduce the military’s involvement in politics through the...
Topics: civil-military relations, democratic civilian control and oversight, operational effectiveness of...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 16, 2019 Alexander, Mark R.
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Modern day warfare has presented the United States with a more technically savvy opponent in conflicts that have moved away from the traditional battlefield to the populated environment of the big city. Battle space dominance no longer refers simply to the physical nature of war, but now also encompasses a digital environment with a greater influence on Information Warfare. One of the keys to successfully maintaining open wireless lines of communication and extracting data,or denying the...
Topics: Forecasting, Information warfare
Naval Postgraduate School
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The attrition rate at the Naval Academy is higher for minority vs. non-minority students. This thesis examines the predictors of minority attrition at the Naval Academy. Three categories of predictor variables are examined: gender, academic measures, and MBTI personality type. Specifically, the study focuses on the theories of college student attrition based on data from Historically Black Colleges and Universities, as well as traditional civilian universities. Data obtained from the Naval...
Topics: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Personality tests, Minority college students, Myers Briggs Personality...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis identifies and analyzes recruiting strategies that exist outside of the military service that might be considered to increase the number of high-quality enlisted recruits for the United States Army Special Forces Command (USASFC). The thesis contains a review of the current Special Forces recruiting processes and describes how Special Operations Recruiting Command (SORC) recruits enlisted soldiers. It also analyzes goal congruency and cohesion between SORC, SWCS(A), and USASFC(A)....
Topics: Special forces (Military science), United States
Naval Postgraduate School
May 13, 2019 McGuire, Marvin H.; Carroll, Steven M.
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We calculated the value of two distinct economic inefficiencies that result from the prohibition of drugs. We define and illustrate these inefficiencies as the two direct components of the deadweight loss created by prohibition. The first is under-consumption and the second component, unique to our analysis, is the payment for risk. Using the 1999 illegal quantities and prices, the derived legal prices, and the estimated demand elasticities for four illegal drugs, we calculated the estimated...
Topics: Deadweight Loss, Drug Prohibition, Payment for Risk, Costs of the Drug War
This study provides information for those individuals responsible for guiding midshipmen's choice of naval service community. This research is focused on individuals who received their first community choice. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator results and career and technical interest measures based on the Strong Interest Inventory from the Naval Academy classes of 1998-2001 were analyzed using discriminant analysis. This project was designed to provide company officers with the information needed to...
Topics: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Personality tests, Personality and Vocational Interests, Psychological...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 13, 2019 Ruiz Perez, Juan Jose
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Atomic Clocks provide \"stable\" signals that are mainly used to generate time scales and to measure differences of time between events. Each atomic clock can individually be characterized according to the stability of the scale it produces. Due to the stochastic behavior of each clock, usually clock ensembles are used to build more stable time scales. This process requires basically two steps. First it is required to individually characterize each time source to identify the...
Topics: Atomic clocks, Frequencies of oscillating systems, Measurement
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Human Computer Interaction (HCI) group was examined through the use of SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) analysis and the development of a Congruence Model of Organizational Behavior. As work of the organization has increased over the last decade, the HCI group has trended toward exploitation of existing routines and derivative software improvements over understanding core user needs and double-loop learning. As a...
Topics: organizational learning, innovation, SWOT analysis, congruence model of organizational behavior,...
Naval Postgraduate School
May 13, 2019 Bristow, Justin Alexander
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Illegal immigration is a popular topic. Obtaining operational control of the southwest border and adding infrastructure was deemed necessary and important when Congress voted for the Secure Fence Act in 2006. This thesis determines how much, and where, additional infrastructure should be added. How effective can a border wall or fence be in securing the U.S.-Mexico border? Under what circumstances are walls and fences effective? When are other types of security measures more effective? The Yuma...
Topic: border wall
Naval Postgraduate School
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We consider the design of a low probability of intercept (LPI) half-duplex communications system in which the downlink is established via communications signals embedded in a pulsed-radar Doppler waveform. Previous works suggest to embed the communications in the radar backscatter where it has been shown possible to recover and demodulate communications signals that are coincident with the radar pulses in time and frequency using quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation. Unfortunately,...
Topics: communications, radar, interference, probability of detection, estimation, cancelation, low...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study conducts a cost-based analysis to determine the feasibility of insourcing the ordnance handling at Navy Munitions Command Pacific East Asia Division Detachment Pearl Harbor (NMCPAC EAD DET PH). Contractors have provided the service for over 30 years, after an Office of Management and Budget A-76 study in the 1980s determined it was more economical for the private sector to do the work previously done by military service members. This study examines whether using the government...
Topics: cost-based analysis, A-76 study, cost-benefit analysis, Navy Munitions Command, ordnance handling,...
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